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Month: April 2017

Chef and Docker for a rapid infrastructure development

We started using Chef a while ago and one of the first steps we took was to use Docker instead of Vagrant for performing tests due to it’s faster setup.
After all this time I can say it was a nice experience and now our CI is happily testing our in minutes. So…

What do you need?

Basically you need to install the latest ChefDK where the gem kitchen-dokken is installed by default. This gem enables a light-weight tooling to use Docker containers for executing Kitchen.

Setup

After that you just need to setup your kitchen.yml to use dokken as driver like so:

---
driver:
  name: dokken
  chef_version: latest

transport:
  name: dokken

provisioner:
name: dokken

...

The transport and the provisioner are set to dokken so kitchen will use the lighter tooling from the driver. Then you can setup your platform to test your cookbooks:

  - name: ubuntu-16.04
    driver:
      image: ubuntu:16.04
      pid_one_command: /bin/systemd
      intermediate_instructions:
        - RUN /usr/bin/apt-get update

Considerations

  • Docker is designed for isolating and packaging processes that runs as the only process inside a container.
    If your cookbook setup services you may need to choose a complete Docker base image that normally is bigger in size, also you need to explicitly start the system daemon (such as systemd) like you saw on the code snippet earlyer.

  • Do not try to run Docker inside a container. If your cookbook uses Docker somehow is better to use Vagrant instead because then you may need to manually setup the container to host docker and that is a pain.